The times of Mughal Sultanate in Delhi

A capital city of India, Delhi is the legendary capital of Pandavas in Mahabharat. The history of Delhi lies behind the times back to the Vedic History of India, where the Kauravas and Pandavas lived. During that time, Delhi was known as Indraprastha. The city was ruled by many legends in their times. To know more of the history you can explore castles and forts of Delhi by planning Delhi Sightseeing.  

History of Delhi

According to Wikipedia The area around Delhi was probably inhabited before the second millennium BC and there is evidence of continuous inhabitation since at least the 6th century BC.[21] The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata.[24] According to Mahabharata, this land was initially a huge mass of forests called ‘Khandavaprastha’ which was burnt down to build the city of Indraprastha.”

The most famous ruler of Delhi was  Mohammed Bin Tughlaq. Delhi was ruled by Mughal Emperors in succession to Khijalis and Tughlaq. Babur who had invaded India at the beginning of the sixteenth century was the first ruler of the Mughal Dynasty. Mughal Empire had brought to an end after the defeat of Humayun.  At the age of fourteen, Jalaluddin was placed on the Throne of Delhi by the mightiest ruler of India Bairam Khan. To unite the whole of India under one sultanate, Jalaluddin and Akbar had played a most important role. This was the Mughal era of Delhi under which many forts and palaces were constructed.

Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar and later he shifted his district from Delhi to Agra. After Akbar, Delhi became the capital when Saha Jahan (1628-1658) was in the rule. After Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb (1658-1707)was the ruler emperor of Delhi but he could not retain the glory.

According to Wikipedia “In 1737, Bajirao I marched towards Delhi with a huge army. The Marathas defeated the Mughals in the First Battle of Delhi.[25][26] The Maratha forces sacked Delhi following their victory against the Mughals. In 1739, the Mughal Empire lost the huge Battle of Karnal in less than three hours against the numerically outnumbered but military superior Persian army led by Nader Shah during his invasion after which he completely sacked and looted Delhi, the Mughal capital, followed by massacre for 2 days, killing over 30,000 civilians and carrying away immense wealth including the Peacock Throne, the Daria-i-Noor, and Koh-i-Noor. Nader eventually agreed to leave the city and India after forcing the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah I to beg him for mercy and granting him the keys of the city and the royal treasury.[27] A treaty signed in 1752 made Marathas the protector of the Mughal throne at Delhi.[28]”

You can witness more of the history of Delhi which lies in its castles such as Shahjahanabad, Ferozabad, Tughlaqabad, Quila Rai Pitora, Lal Kot, Siri, Jahanpanha, and Dinpanha.

Tourist places in Delhi

Delhi in its era had witnessed various dynasties with a glorified history.

    • Red Fort- A legendary fortress of Mughal era, was elongated in the 16th century.

 

  • Qutub Minar- A legendary structure of Qutubuddin Aibak was constructed in 1206.
  • Humayun Tomb- A burial chamber of Mughal King, Humayun were established in 1570.
  • Purana Quila- A historical fort was constructed in 1538-1545 by Sher Shah Suri.
  • Hauz Khas (Siri)- This name was derived by Royal Water Tank which was constructed at the time of the rule of  Allauddin Khilji.

 

Apart from the above, there are many other places which you can explore while planning a Same Day Tour of Delhi. Not only Forts and Places Delhi has a specialty of Dilli Ke Pakwan which have a great mouth-watering taste, an elegant and huge variety of shopping stuff at Delhi.  

Ellora Caves Essential Travel Guide

Belonging to Ancient India, the site of Ellora Caves is one of the remarkable tourist attractions of the country and is situated in the Aurangabad district of the state of Maharashtra. Featuring popular Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu monuments, the Ellora caves is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world and thus a UNESCO world heritage site as well. Ellora Caves consists of undisturbed sequence of monuments dating from 600 to 1000 AD reviving the archaic civilization of the country.

This outstanding temple cave complex situated at the north of Sahyadri Hills is said to have excavated from a volcanic rock and comprises 34 major caves which are numbered not chronologically but consecutively. Out of the major 34 temples, the 8th century Kailasa Temple is the most spectacular one as it the largest rock-cut monument in the world with height approximately upto 32 meters and is dedicated to Lord Shiva in Hinduism. This celebrated Hindu Temple is adorned with skillful carvings of ancient artisans depicting their excellence in the field of architecture.

Oldest or rather the earliest of the temples in the cave is the Rameshwara cave dating back to the 6th century CE. It reflects the typical structure of Hindu temples with an inner sanctum and surrounding corridor. In the cave no 21 there can be seen a seated a Nandi Bull sculpture outside which also typical of Shiva Temples. The Dhumar Lena cave and Ravana-ka-Khai are other important Hindu caves.

The major Buddhist caves in Ellora are Viswakarma Cave housing one of the largest seated sculptures of Lord Buddha and the Dasavatar Cave with historical importance. The latter cave contains only significant ancient inscription narrating a visit by a local ruler named Dantidurga.

The entire cave temple complex is decorated with wonderful carvings, complex layouts, precise pillars and brackets that leave the tourists stunned with its magnificence. Inside the cave, the walls and pillars and other areas even suggest scenes from Puranas and sacred texts of respective religion. This coming together of three religions in the caves also indicates towards religious tolerance of the ancient period and speaks of other important facts about that period as well.

Several history buffs, art lovers, and curators from all over the globe visit the site for research and tour.

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Where can you enjoy Elephant ride in India Tours

Elephant ride is a unique and enthralling experience in itself which is overwhelming. The Elephant safari can be enjoyed in various wildlife parks, sanctuaries through the deep dense forests, valleys and rocky lands. The Elephant safari is a delight to the adventure lovers and the people who want to explore the wildlife from a closer view. You might wonder that where you can enjoy Elephant ride in India Tours then India is a diverse nation rich in bio-diversity with many places to enjoy the Elephant ride. Elephant safari is the most unique way to experience the jungle safari on the back of the Elephant. It offers one of the never before perspective to witness the breath taking picturesque vista be it the thick forest, deep valleys where the visitors get a chance to encounter the wildlife safari at a closer view. The experience of the Elephant safari cannot be matched or replicated with any other means of transport.

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The Elephant safaris are common in the jungles and the wildlife reserves in the areas of Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and the other areas of the North East Jungle. It is the best way to traverse through the rugged terrain that cannot be explored with the help of the jeep or any other means. Elephant is a giant marvel of nature and the bond between a human is something travelers must experience in a life time. With India trip planners enjoy the Elephant safari at the Kaziranga National Park is situated in the Golaghat of Assam. The Kaziranga National Park hosts two thirds of the world’s rare one horned rhinoceroses. Travelers can span this magnificent creature of nature in action from very close and understand the behavior of this calm beast. Elephant safari is the safest way to explore the remote areas of the jungle under the guidance of the trained tour guides. The place is rich in the bio-diversity where one can witness the herds of Elephant and rhinos. The Kaziranga National park is also home to Wild water buffalo and swamp deer. This park also has a good population of Bengal tigers and leopards. Wildlife lovers can also catch birds such as vultures, marsh babblers, Hodgson’s bushchat and old world warblers such as the bristled grassbird.

Embark on the wildlife safaris in the jungles of Kerala in the Chimmony wildlife which was established in 1984. It is situated near the western slopes of Nelliyampathi hills neighboring Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife sanctuary. This sanctuary is watered by Kurumali River and Mupliam River. The visitors can witness the exotic wildlife creatures like Tigers, Lions, Leopards, Jackals, Antelopes, Wild Boar and Sloth Bear. Travelers can also witness the variety of birds in this national park such as large hawk cuckoo, broad-billed roller and ashy minivet. The reports say that the half of the large mammal population is found Kerala are in Chimmony wildlife sanctuary only.  Travelers can also explore the tribal community area as well to witness the tribal life in Kerala with south India trip plan.

 

Amer Fort of Jaipur is situated on a hilltop overlooking Maota Lake offers a

rajasthan trip planunique Elephant ride from the lake to the premises of the Fort where the Elephants are brilliantly decorated with patterns and shiny clothes. This fort was solely built for war purpose by Sawai Jai Singh II with the blend of Mughal, European and Rajput style of architecture. For tourists who visit Jaipur for its marvelous heritage and cultural Rajasthan Tour, without elephant ride at Amer Fort, the Rajasthan Tour is considered as incomplete. This is the best way to experience the true royal treatment once which was a part of daily lives of maharaja’s with a short trip to Rajasthan.

Bandhavgarh National Park and Tiger reserve set amidst the Vindhyan Mountain which is home to many wildlife species apart from Tigers and other. One can enjoy the Tiger trail surrounded by a thick belt of greenery on the back of the Elephant which gives a unique and overwhelming experience. The other nature significance in India is Periyar National Park is officially a Tiger reserve but is known for its Elephant reserve.  One can book the tour from the best tour operators in Jaipur and can enjoy the activities conducted in the Periyar National Park. The park is rich in flora and fauna and the lush greenery all around gives the visitors a heavenly feeling. The tourist can feel them close to the nature in the lap of the nature. The bamboo raft riding and the trekking in the jungle is the major attraction of south India. Elephants in the south Indian culture are daily worshipped, fed and bathed and many temples have their own stable of Elephants.

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The other place to enjoy the Elephant ride is Corbett National Park one of the finest Tiger reserves is home to wide range of flora and faunas. One can easily track the Tiger trail from the top of the Elephant enjoying the closer view of the wildlife and dense forest. The oldest national park of India the Jim Corbett national park is famous for beautiful Bengal tigers and it was the first park to come under the Project tiger initiative in India. It is situated in the Nainital district of Uttrakhand on the sub Himalayan belt. It is one of the most visited wildlife national parks in India and people get to see amazing landscapes and diverse wildlife in Jim Corbett National Park. The dense deciduous forest of Jim Corbett has variety of trees such as sal, haldu, peepal, rohini and mango trees. This area is home to 110 tree species, 50 mammal species, 580 bird species and 35 reptile species and the temperature of this wildlife park is very soothing  and appropriate where one can enjoy elephant safari.

Elephant ride can be enjoyed in the Kanha National Park the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh which is one of the thickest populated Tiger reserves and the best places to watch Tigers, mammals, reptiles, and birds in actions which roam freely amidst the high dense concentration of Sal and Bamboo trees. The park is a treasure house of wide range of floras and faunas. Embark on India’s bio-diversity tour booked under the holiday packages for Rajasthan which can be customized as per the needs. The tour is the best tour for the wildlife enthusiasts and wildlife photographers.