The times of Mughal Sultanate in Delhi

A capital city of India, Delhi is the legendary capital of Pandavas in Mahabharat. The history of Delhi lies behind the times back to the Vedic History of India, where the Kauravas and Pandavas lived. During that time, Delhi was known as Indraprastha. The city was ruled by many legends in their times. To know more of the history you can explore castles and forts of Delhi by planning Delhi Sightseeing.  

History of Delhi

According to Wikipedia The area around Delhi was probably inhabited before the second millennium BC and there is evidence of continuous inhabitation since at least the 6th century BC.[21] The city is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata.[24] According to Mahabharata, this land was initially a huge mass of forests called ‘Khandavaprastha’ which was burnt down to build the city of Indraprastha.”

The most famous ruler of Delhi was  Mohammed Bin Tughlaq. Delhi was ruled by Mughal Emperors in succession to Khijalis and Tughlaq. Babur who had invaded India at the beginning of the sixteenth century was the first ruler of the Mughal Dynasty. Mughal Empire had brought to an end after the defeat of Humayun.  At the age of fourteen, Jalaluddin was placed on the Throne of Delhi by the mightiest ruler of India Bairam Khan. To unite the whole of India under one sultanate, Jalaluddin and Akbar had played a most important role. This was the Mughal era of Delhi under which many forts and palaces were constructed.

Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar and later he shifted his district from Delhi to Agra. After Akbar, Delhi became the capital when Saha Jahan (1628-1658) was in the rule. After Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb (1658-1707)was the ruler emperor of Delhi but he could not retain the glory.

According to Wikipedia “In 1737, Bajirao I marched towards Delhi with a huge army. The Marathas defeated the Mughals in the First Battle of Delhi.[25][26] The Maratha forces sacked Delhi following their victory against the Mughals. In 1739, the Mughal Empire lost the huge Battle of Karnal in less than three hours against the numerically outnumbered but military superior Persian army led by Nader Shah during his invasion after which he completely sacked and looted Delhi, the Mughal capital, followed by massacre for 2 days, killing over 30,000 civilians and carrying away immense wealth including the Peacock Throne, the Daria-i-Noor, and Koh-i-Noor. Nader eventually agreed to leave the city and India after forcing the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah I to beg him for mercy and granting him the keys of the city and the royal treasury.[27] A treaty signed in 1752 made Marathas the protector of the Mughal throne at Delhi.[28]”

You can witness more of the history of Delhi which lies in its castles such as Shahjahanabad, Ferozabad, Tughlaqabad, Quila Rai Pitora, Lal Kot, Siri, Jahanpanha, and Dinpanha.

Tourist places in Delhi

Delhi in its era had witnessed various dynasties with a glorified history.

    • Red Fort- A legendary fortress of Mughal era, was elongated in the 16th century.

 

  • Qutub Minar- A legendary structure of Qutubuddin Aibak was constructed in 1206.
  • Humayun Tomb- A burial chamber of Mughal King, Humayun were established in 1570.
  • Purana Quila- A historical fort was constructed in 1538-1545 by Sher Shah Suri.
  • Hauz Khas (Siri)- This name was derived by Royal Water Tank which was constructed at the time of the rule of  Allauddin Khilji.

 

Apart from the above, there are many other places which you can explore while planning a Same Day Tour of Delhi. Not only Forts and Places Delhi has a specialty of Dilli Ke Pakwan which have a great mouth-watering taste, an elegant and huge variety of shopping stuff at Delhi.  

Ellora Caves Essential Travel Guide

Belonging to Ancient India, the site of Ellora Caves is one of the remarkable tourist attractions of the country and is situated in the Aurangabad district of the state of Maharashtra. Featuring popular Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu monuments, the Ellora caves is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world and thus a UNESCO world heritage site as well. Ellora Caves consists of undisturbed sequence of monuments dating from 600 to 1000 AD reviving the archaic civilization of the country.

This outstanding temple cave complex situated at the north of Sahyadri Hills is said to have excavated from a volcanic rock and comprises 34 major caves which are numbered not chronologically but consecutively. Out of the major 34 temples, the 8th century Kailasa Temple is the most spectacular one as it the largest rock-cut monument in the world with height approximately upto 32 meters and is dedicated to Lord Shiva in Hinduism. This celebrated Hindu Temple is adorned with skillful carvings of ancient artisans depicting their excellence in the field of architecture.

Oldest or rather the earliest of the temples in the cave is the Rameshwara cave dating back to the 6th century CE. It reflects the typical structure of Hindu temples with an inner sanctum and surrounding corridor. In the cave no 21 there can be seen a seated a Nandi Bull sculpture outside which also typical of Shiva Temples. The Dhumar Lena cave and Ravana-ka-Khai are other important Hindu caves.

The major Buddhist caves in Ellora are Viswakarma Cave housing one of the largest seated sculptures of Lord Buddha and the Dasavatar Cave with historical importance. The latter cave contains only significant ancient inscription narrating a visit by a local ruler named Dantidurga.

The entire cave temple complex is decorated with wonderful carvings, complex layouts, precise pillars and brackets that leave the tourists stunned with its magnificence. Inside the cave, the walls and pillars and other areas even suggest scenes from Puranas and sacred texts of respective religion. This coming together of three religions in the caves also indicates towards religious tolerance of the ancient period and speaks of other important facts about that period as well.

Several history buffs, art lovers, and curators from all over the globe visit the site for research and tour.

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